- 1 Glass Is Also Transparent To Near Infrared Radiation Heating For Colder Climates
- 1.1 Glass Is Also Transparent to Near Infrared Radiation, Windows Heat Greenhouse Effect
- 1.2 Glass is Only Transparent to Far Infrared Radiation
- 1.3 Transparency of Glass – Making it the Most Common Way to Let Light Through
- 1.4 Heat Transfer From Sun Rays Admitting Most Infrared Heat From The Sun
- 1.5 Materialization of Nanoparticles for Fabricating Smart Windows
- 1.6 Why Can’t Infrared Pass Through Glass?
- 1.7 A Better Alternative For Glass Coatings
- 1.8 How Blocking Near Infrared Radiation Can Reduce Energy Costs
- 1.9 Use Infrared Heating Coating Techniques to Safeguard Your Glass From Thermal Shock
Glass Is Also Transparent To Near Infrared Radiation Heating For Colder Climates
Glass is very effective as a medium because it has thermal conductivity, which allows heat to be transferred rapidly.
In fact, glass can absorb and retain up to 90% of the heat that comes into contact with it.
Glass is also transparent to infrared light, so it heats up very quickly to maintain the necessary room temperature.
Near-Infrared Radiation wavelength is between 800 nm to 2000 nm which can pass thru glass.
- Glass is especially good for radiation heating because it has a high reflectivity value.
- This means that glass will reflect most of the infrared rays, which are the dominant source of energy in colder climates.
- Because glass is transparent to this energy, it provides a barrier between the heat and the room temperature.
- If you plan to use glass for your next heating system, then you will want to purchase a type that is transparent to all the radiation.
- You should also purchase a material that is lightweight, so that the glass does not take up a lot of space.
- Glass is usually available in five and six-sided panes.
- There are also double-walled panes available.
There is also glass that has antispersed labels, which makes the product less safe and more hazardous to use.
Glass Is Also Transparent to Near Infrared Radiation, Windows Heat Greenhouse Effect
Glass is also transparent to ultraviolet radiation, which is what causes the sun’s heat to be absorbed.
The sun heats our bodies by radiation and the way we can prevent heat from escaping is by blocking that radiation.
A lot of greenhouse gases are caused by UV radiation, mainly from the sun.
It has been found that some materials block up to ninety percent of ultraviolet radiation, while others only deflect ten to twenty percent.
How do you see if glass is also transparent to ultraviolet radiation?
If you look at a window with a strong UV ray, you will see a reflection. However, if you look at a glass pane with no reflection, you will not see a reflection.
It is due to a phenomenon called refraction.
The normal glass reflects the UV rays back to the viewer, while the greenhouse glass does not.
Since the greenhouse in our greenhouse is glass, it means that it is also transparent to ultraviolet radiation.
The heat loss is a problem for people in greenhouses because it slows down plant growth.
In order to prevent heat loss, you should install glass that is as transparent as possible.
If you use a greenhouse film, it is as transparent as any glass in your house and it acts as a reflector to absorb most of the UV radiation and then re-emit it as heat.
Other effective heat loss solutions include placing glass plates or boxes where the sunlight hits the greenhouse, but they are still not as effective as glass, because these reflect UV radiation back into the greenhouse and not just outside.
Glass is Only Transparent to Far Infrared Radiation
If you are worried about how much heat gets into your home, then don’t be.
But for those who are concerned about the amount of heat that gets into their homes, then they should invest in double paned windows.
This way you will be taking measures to reduce the amount of heat that gets into your house.
You will still have to maintain your furnace and air conditioner, but at least you won’t have to worry about what gets into your house because it will be transparent to far infrared radiation.
Glass is transparent to the infrared light up to 2.2 micron wavelength
Glass is transparent to near-infrared radiation, but it isn’t entirely transparent to all the rays.
There are different types of rays that penetrate your windows. Some of these rays are very strong and some of them are barely visible.
If you install a window that is totally clear to all of the rays, you won’t be able to block out as much heat from the sun as you otherwise might.
So if you want to have windows that let in a fair amount of far-infrared radiation, then you will need to invest in some double paned windows that are opaque to some of the stronger rays.
Transparency of Glass – Making it the Most Common Way to Let Light Through
A transparent glass was first developed around 17th Century in Britain.
The invention of antimony-doped tin oxide in the United States made this transparent material more efficient, which led to its widespread use.
Although it had many practical applications and served many industrial purposes, it was quickly found to have other special benefits as well: as a means to let in more visible light, for instance.
Antimony-doped glass, when formed into a thin film, is said to be transparent because it lets some light to pass through while blocking other, less bright ones.
But its most important benefit is the way it allows in more light.
When seen from a distance, a sheet of transparent antimony-doped tin oxide will reflect all but the brightest of sunlight, allowing just the right amount of light to pass through to be filtered by the antimony coating and ultimately harnessed for energy production.
This greatly reduced energy consumption, along with a nearly transparent mirror, makes for an excellent addition to many spaces that would otherwise be poorly lit.
But there are many other applications for this transparency.
Some use the light to promote better thermal performance. Others use the light to prevent heat buildup or promote better energy conservation.
And still others use the light to help regulate temperature. Whatever the application, the transparency of glass is a vital part of many of today’s most cutting edge technological advances.
Heat Transfer From Sun Rays Admitting Most Infrared Heat From The Sun
Insulated windows block most of the infrared heat from the sun rays, admitting very little light into the room.
Insulation is basically a material that helps to keep warm or cool air inside the room and prevents the entry of heat from outside.
Depending upon your need you can choose from several types of insulation like R Rating (resistance to heat flow) or R Value (insulation’s resistance to heat transfer).
Both are measured in ‘U values’ and can be used as an indication of the quality of insulating material.
Window materials that block or insulate against heat flow have better energy efficiency. They are also more effective to reduce house emissions.
A high R Rating ensures that your heating and cooling expenses are kept to a minimum. You can cut down your energy bills by making your windows more efficient.
Such windows also help in creating space between rooms for better insulation.
When one room gets heated, the space between windows don’t get affected.
This creates more thermal energy that remains in the room. This further reduces the heat transfer.
Such windows are highly effective in preventing the rise of heat in winter and keeping the cold air inside in the hot season.
Materialization of Nanoparticles for Fabricating Smart Windows
Researchers in the field of nanotechnology have recently succeeded in fabricating smart windows by using nanoparticles.
What is so special about these tiny particles? They can be programmed to change their size and shape, depending on the information being provided by the light sources that pass through them, which is why they can be used for creating transparent and semi-transparent window films.
This development is a breakthrough, because previously, such technology had not been possible.
The scientists have succeeded in fabricating two kinds of smart windows: with and without nanoparticles.
In order to fabricate these “smart” windows, they must create artificial micron-size airflows inside the laboratory tubes where the smart particles will be deposited. These airflows will then generate heat, which makes it easier to keep the glass clean.
Why Can’t Infrared Pass Through Glass?
In the natural world, water is transparent to infrared light.
Glass doesn’t have this property, and it’s the reason why glasses are used to protect us from the sun.
If you were to shine a flashlight through a window, you would be able to see infrared light reflected back from the glass, and this would tell you that there is something behind it.
When you look through a greenhouse, you can’t see the plants because the greenhouse is opaque to the visible light.
When infrared light hits a glass greenhouse, however, it is able to pass right through.
So how does this phenomenon happen? If you look at a glass greenhouse, you will notice that it doesn’t actually contain any infrared radiation itself, but it does reflect infrared light back.
If the greenhouse were made out of pure water, no part of the water would absorb or emit any infrared light.
So the glass works as a reflector, absorbing some of the infrared radiation and sending it back.
The rest of the greenhouse just reflects the infrared back and becomes opaque.
There is another explanation for why some glasses don’t work well as infrared filters.
If you place a transparent plastic over a greenhouse and place a thermometer inside, it will only work if the greenhouse is completely covered.
Because the thermometer will need to be exposed to light, the glass must be transparent enough to allow infrared rays to pass through.
If the glass is transparent but the infrared ray is not, you won’t be able to tell whether the infrared is escaping through the glass, or if the greenhouse is reflecting it back.
A Better Alternative For Glass Coatings
This concept holds that different sized particles, such as nitrogen, sulfur or silicon can be used to coat the surface area of the glass with a special type of coating.
Tin oxide, which is a common component of many automobile parts, is one of the most common elements used in this process.
The other most common element being used is antimony, which is often used as a component of a thin film on stainless steel and glass.
The role of the antimony is to add a certain element to help improve the electrical conductivity, which improves the effectiveness of the coated glass.
To get the best results when using these nanoparticles, it’s important that the surface of the glass is very clean and as much of the dust, oil and water removed as possible.
To create this surface, a thin layer of water impregnated tin or copper oxide can be applied to the surface.
Then, doped amounts of this element can be applied to the surface, along with the titanium or silver particles.
This creates a surface, which is just like a paint.
The electrons in the air have a much easier time penetrating the surface of the glass, and this means that they are more likely to send energy into the glass, improving its strength.
Of course, when the coating is applied properly, there is much less chance that an electron will be lost from the surface.
The use of the zinc coating was first discovered back in 1970, but the method that was developed for coating glass with zinc oxide nanoparticles is a far more sophisticated and effective one.
Zinc nanoparticles are able to penetrate many of the other elements used in the coating, which means that there are many times more opportunities for the particles to emit energy, improving the strength of the glass.
And, since zinc oxide nanoparticles have become much safer for people to use in personal safety equipment, they are now widely used in industrial safety coating applications.
How Blocking Near Infrared Radiation Can Reduce Energy Costs
A new study suggests that blocking heat near infrared radiation may reduce home energy costs by up to 32%.
The results were published in the Journal of Renewable Energy and are just one of several studies done recently on energy efficiency and reducing carbon emissions.
Energy conservation saves everyone money.
When you implement energy efficient strategies in your home, you can expect to pay less in utility bills.
The cost of warming your house depends mostly on the room that you use for heating.
Your windows emit heat energy radiated in all directions and not just one direction.
That is why they are good candidates to cut down on both heat loss and heat gain inside your house.
If you already have windows, you can install new double pane windows or energy efficient glazing.
Energy efficient windows also help reduce your carbon footprint. Blocking infrared radiation can reduce the amount of electricity you need to power your house.
Use Infrared Heating Coating Techniques to Safeguard Your Glass From Thermal Shock
One of the best ways of making sure that the insulating properties of the glass are maintained is through the application of an infrared reflective coating.
These are often applied on the exterior surface of windows to augment the existing radiation control properties.
These shielding techniques could be applied on site to existing windows at a manufacturing facility or even on site for new construction in order to ensure the integrity of the building’s integrity as well.
The infrared shielding will create a barrier from this hazardous airborne energy by reflecting the infrared energy back into the structure instead of spreading it around the building and into other locations.
The use of this reflective coating techniques could also be applied on the outside of buildings and windows to deflect any high frequency airborne particles that may threaten the structural integrity of the building or the windows themselves.
These particles often become airborne when there is deformation of the building due to external conditions such as wind, weathering or even ice buildup.
The infrared barrier created will deflect these small sized particles away from the glass by creating an electric field that will prevent their penetration into the glass of the building.
If you are wondering what an infrared diffuser is; it is a device that uses a combination of UV light from an LED (light emitting diode) and an electronic heating element to heat the glass to a certain temperature without sacrificing the structural integrity of the glass.
The diffuser is then used to directly apply the coating techniques to the glass surface of the existing windows.
This is one of the most effective ways of protecting the glass from breakage, cracking and warping and this process also allows you to easily replace the existing windows without having to replace the entire glass structure of the building.
You will find that this is a very cost effective method of protection of the existing glass from thermal shock and breakage.